Artisian Handcrafted soap is made using a combination of natural ingredients such as olive oil, coconut oil, palm oil, tallow or lard fats , butters and mixed with SodiumHydroxide (Lye)All soap is made with sodium hydroxide. No sodium hydroxide = No soap
Upon mixing the desired recipe together. Saponification occurs between the oils,fats ,butters and sodium hydroxide. No Sodium Hydroxide is left in the soap after this process. Glycerin is naturaly formed and retained in the soap making process
There are different methods of soap making.
COLD PROCESS SOAPMAKING is the method most often used by soapmakers who make soap from scratch. It's called "cold" process because heat is added during the soapmaking process.The process itself does generate heat.
HOT PROCESS SOAPMAKING, heat is applied to the process. The chemical reaction is the same, but occurs faster than in cold process soapmaking.
MELT AND POUR/READY MADE BASES.Rather than make soap from scratch, some soapmakers choose to purchase ready-made soap bases which are melted down and add color, scent or other ingredients and are then poured into molds.
The benefit to using a ready-made soap base is that the chemical reaction which produces soap has already occurred and there is no need to work with sodium hydroxide
A ready-made soap base could include synthetic detergents as all or a portion of its ingredients.